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Traumatic Brain Injury

“Speech pathology for those who suffer from brain injury is far more than relearning how to speak. It starts with the fundamental physical structures from which speech sounds are made, going onward to encompass all the motor, memory and higher cognitive processes involved in normal communication”

TBI and Speech Language

Traumatic brain injury or TBI occurs following sudden trauma to the brain structure. Most common causes of TBI include car accidents and sporting injuries and falls. Symptoms of a TBI can vary from mild to severe.

Mild TBI Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness and blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Fatigue
  • Behavioural/ Mood Changes
  • Trouble with memory, concentration or attention

Moderate to Severe TBI Symptoms

  • Headache that gets worse and does not go away
  • Repeated vomiting/nausea
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Slurred speech
  • Increased confusion

Disabilities resulting from a TBI differ and can include:

  • Cognitive impairments
  • Sensory processing impairments
  • Communication impairments
  • Behavioural or mental health impairments

Trauma victims presenting with a TBI may have cerebral injuries or may acquire neurological damage that results in language disorder that may make it very difficult for the patient to carry out a normal social life. Language is disrupted in 75% of those who suffer a severe closed head injury.

Patients suffering from a TBI may experience frequent word finding difficulty, and may have trouble expressing themselves or understanding other ideas through speech, reading and or writing.

Speech Associates professional will be able to assess the needs of the victims at an early stage and regard their communicative skills and other problems such as eating and swallowing difficulties in order to prevent, minimize or eliminate symptoms or disorder.

For more information contact our main office at: 416 800 4259 for a consultation with a speech-pathologist or email us at: